Professor Masashi Adachi’s Life and Study

Professor Masashi Adachi was the designer of the building.

Professor Masashi Adachi was the designer of the building that stood at No. 6, Lane 7, Qingtian Street. Most of the information available on professor Adachi is about science of agricultural chemistry in Japanese. It made translating his work extremely difficult. The following is a brief synopsis on Professor Adachi’s life and his studies basing on excerpts from the Internet and the report prepared by an architectural office that had been entrusted by National Taiwan to conduct a study on Professor Adachi and the residential house he designed.
Professor Masashi Adachi was born in Hokkaido, Japan. He was born on November 13th, 1897 (Japanese Meiji Year 30), the eldest son to Mr. Wataro Adachi of Sapporo City. Mr. Masashi Adachi graduated from the Imperial Hokkaido University, majoring in agricultural chemistry in 1921 (Japanese Taisho Year 10). In the same year he took up position as Research Assistance in the Imperial Hokkaido University. He was promoted to Assistant Professor in March of the next year (1922). He was married in1926 (Japanese Taisho Year 15). On May 3rd of the same year Mr. Adachi was assigned Professor to the Taiwan Governor’s Office High School on Agriculture and Forestry. On the 5th day of the same month Mr. Adachi was sent to study in Germany, the United States and Britain for two years as the overseas research scientist stationed in the Taiwan Governor’s Office. Of this period, he spent one and a half years working on microorganisms in the soil in University of Leipzig as his core of research and traveled and studied in the United States and Britain.

On July 27th, 1928 (Japanese Showa Year 3) Mr. Adachi was instated as assistant professor and special professor in the Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry. In March 23rd of the following year he was promoted to full Professor in the Imperial Tohoku University. He held the Lecturer’s Chair in the Faculty of Science and Agriculture, lectured on applied microorganisms in soils, and was engaged in studies on microorganisms in soils. The main focus of his study was identifying and differencing of beneficial and harmful bacteria besides pathogenic bacteria and fungi in soils. Further study focused on the application of beneficial bacteria in agriculture. To further demonstrate his work, Professor Adachi used beneficial bacteria as fertilizers, a rare idea on an item often used in Taiwanese agricultural growth.
According to Professor Adachi’s eldest son Adachi Moto.Professor Adachi maintained a cooperative relationship with the Taiwan Sugar Company, and engaged in studies of microorganisms in soils in sugar planting fields. The study was quite successful in terms of results. At the time, Taiwan Sugar Company used sulphonamide fertilizer in large quantities, and as a consequent the productivity of sugar cane dwindled year after year, resulting in many shut-downs of sugar mills. Having identified the problem, Taiwan Sugar Company began study on compost. Professor Adachi won the trust of the sugar manufacturing companies with his solid research results and experience, and was fully entrusted to assist the companies in correcting the situation. Among these companies, the Yanshui Harbor Sugar Manufacturing Company and the Taiwan Sugar Manufacturing Company provided 3000 hectares of land for conducting compost studies and experiments. A fruitful result was eventually achieved, (Based on correspondence from Mr. Adachi Moto.)

Unfortunately, the research was interrupted by the Pacific War, and his research documents were tragically lost in warfare. In 1942 (Japanese Showa Year17) Professor Adachi served as Technician of the Taiwan Governor’s Office. In 1944 (Japanese Showa Year19) Professor Adachi took a trip on official business to the Department of Agriculture and Forestry in Tokyo, and failed to return to Taiwan when the Japanese was defeated and surrendered.

Mr. Adachi Moto remembered that his father was very serious about his research work. His father once got into a car accident, but he returned to his research lab immediately and worked without bothering to wait until he was sufficiently fit to work again. Upon his return to Japan, Professor Adachi enjoyed attending opera performance, or watching movies in Asakusa. Mr. Ma Guoguan recalled there was a set of complete works by Japanese author Natsume Soseki, but he was not sure whether the set was left behind by Professor Adachi or not. The architectural design of the house and the plants in the yard are manifestations that the owner was a well-read gentleman with exquisite taste.

1897
明治30
Born first to Mr. Taro Adachi of Sapporo City, Hokkaido, Japan
1897
1921
大正10
Received a Bachelor degree in Agricultural Chemistry from Imperial Hokkaido University. In April, became an assistant in the department.
1921
1922
大正11
Promoted to teaching assistant in March.
1922
1926
大正15
Married Manko,daughter of Kantaro Suzuki, past Prime Minister of Japan on May 3rd. Offered position of professorship with the Agricultural High School of the Taiwan Governor Office. Proceeded studies overseas in Germany, Britain and United States.
1926
1927
昭和2
University Housing Credit Union applied for approval on September 15th. Members of the Union were mostly university professors. Construction on the university was not yet completed.
1927
1928
昭和3
Construction of the university was completed and in immediate operation without any means of accommodation for teachers and staffs. On July 27, professor Adachi was assigned teaching position as Assistant Professor.
1928
1929
昭和4
Professor Adachi was nominated Professor in the Imperial Taihoku University and chair to the Applied Microbiology in the Faculty of Agriculture.
1929
1931
昭和6
Professor Adachi's residence house at Qingtian Street was ready and the family moved in. The house, a regular flat, then had an address of Lot 162-32, Longanpo. The wooden-framed flat stood alone on a lot measuring around 43 ping.
1931
1936
昭和11
The February 26 Incident outbreak in Tokyo Japan, an attempted coup d'etat by young military officers, left several leading politicians assassinated and Prof. Adachi's father-in-law Kantaro Zuzuki seriously wounded. The Adachi family hurried to visit him in Tokyo.
1936
1942
昭和17
Assumed part-time job as High Technician with the Taiwan Governor Office.
1942
1944
昭和19
In November Professor Adachi went to Tokyo on business trip on behalf of the Department of Forestry and Agriculture. He was unable to return to Taiwan after the outbreak of Sino-Japanese War.
1944
1945
昭和20
Eldest son Adachi Moto returned to Japan.
1945
1946
昭和21
On May 31st, resigned from his official post with the Taiwan Governor's Office. Moved to Osaka and took up residence there.
1946
1953
昭和28
Became professor with the Hayanami University of Osaka.
1953
1957
昭和32
Became professor with the Faculty of Agriculture of the Osaka University
1957
1963
昭和38
Became professor with the Faculty of Agriculture of Tamagaya University.
1963
1965
昭和40
Presented desertation "Studies on Microbiological Chemistry on Soil Improvement Through Microbiological Means in Tropical and Subtropical Area Cultivation Operations", and was conferred Doctoral degree from the Imperial Hokkaido University.
1965
1965
昭和47
Retired.
1965
1978
昭和53
Passed away on January 25th, aged 81
1978

足立仁教授的參考資料:
1. 日日新報
2. 台灣人物誌
3. 足立元彦所寫『我的父親足立仁簡歴』,台大校園文化資産課程的訪談資料
4. 游雲霞所著『青田行走』
5. 陳瑜研究報告(台北帝国大学理農学部農芸化学科に関する研究)
http://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2115/45219/1/ARHUA6_007.pdf
6.張志成建築師事務所馬廷英故居報告書